A tintype , also known as a melainotype or ferrotype , is a photograph made by creating a direct positive on a thin sheet of metal coated with a dark lacquer or enamel and used as the support for the photographic emulsion. Tintypes enjoyed their widest use during the s and s, but lesser use of the medium persisted into the early 20th century and it has been revived as a novelty and fine art form in the 21st. Tintype portraits were at first usually made in a formal photographic studio, like daguerreotypes and other early types of photographs, but later they were most commonly made by photographers working in booths or the open air at fairs and carnivals , as well as by itinerant sidewalk photographers. Because the lacquered iron support there is no actual tin used was resilient and did not need drying, a tintype could be developed and fixed and handed to the customer only a few minutes after the picture had been taken. The tintype photograph saw more uses and captured a wider variety of settings and subjects than any other photographic type. It was introduced while the daguerreotype was still popular, though its primary competition would have been the ambrotype. The tintype saw the Civil War come and go, documenting the individual soldier and horrific battle scenes. It captured scenes from the Wild West, as it was easy to produce by itinerant photographers working out of covered wagons.
How to Date Old Ancestor Photographs with Early Photo Types
They are stamped “Neff’s Melainotype Pat 19 Feb 56” along one edge. Sizes range from one-sixth plate to full plate see appendix El. Many are found in gilt frames or in the leather or plastic thermomolded cases of the earlier ambro-types. Civil War Period: – Tintypes of this time are primarily on–sixth Plate and one-fourth plate and are often datable by the Potter’s Patent paper holders, adoned with patriotic stars and emblems, that were introduced during the period.
It should be kept in an acid- and lignin-free envelope for storage. Dating the Image Created with a process patented in , tintypes remained popular into the.
One of the most available, most misunderstood and certainly the most misidentified of all antiques are photographs. It would be difficult to find an antique dealer who has not at one time or another bought and sold 19th century photographs, yet, the average dealer would be hard pressed to correctly identify or date the different types of photographic images they routinely encounter.
This exploded view of the anatomy of a photographic case shows the various levels of the image side of the case. All images courtesy Dr. Anthony J. I bought my first 19th century photograph in on a farm in Pennsylvania, out of a barn that housed ducks and doubled as an antique shop. I was fascinated by the idea that antique images were a small window into the past; I have collected photographs ever since.
To fund this newly acquired habit I would scour our New York City neighborhood with my red wagon and collect discarded furniture, glassware, artwork, and textiles, which I sold on the weekends at the 26th Street Flea Market in Manhattan. I used the profits to subsidize my photograph collecting and purchased photographs each week from other dealers at the flea market who routinely saved images for me beneath their tables; I was the photograph boy. Soon I was buying photographs at auctions where they were usually sold as box lots with often more than one-hundred in a lot; the Pine Bush Grange Hall was my favorite source.
I soon learned to identify daguerreotypes, ambrotypes, tintypes ferrotype, melainotype, melanotype , cartes de visite carte-de-visite, CDV, CdV , cabinet cards, cyanotypes, and real-photo postcards and drove my family crazy with frequent testing. Though there are other types of photographs, these are the examples most frequently encountered in the antique trade.
How to Date Your Old Photos
Here are several sites that can help you put your aunts, uncles, cousins and grandparents on the right branches of your family tree. Here are some places where you can pick up a few style cues to help you ID your own vintage family photographs! Wikipedia The collaborative encyclopedia Wikipedia provides a nicely detailed collection of articles about the many eras of clothing fashion.
Here are direct links to the sections dedicated to the time since photography was possible: s s s s s s s s s s — — s. Flickr collections by era These contributed photographs are grouped by decade, and the multitude of images will provide you with a helpful frame of reference to compare your vintage photos. Topics include evening attire, fashion accessories and even bathing costumes and undergarments.
Time period: Introduced in and popular until about But tintype photo studios were still around into the early s as a novelty. Identifying.
When photographs are passed down through generations of families, sometimes the stories of the people in the images become fragmented or lost. If you find yourself with a collection of photographs that lack contextual information, there are a number of clues you can look out for. The most effective way to date photographs is to combine historical analysis with knowledge of different photography techniques and materials through time.
Here at The National Archives, we have teams who specialise in both areas and in this blog, Visual Collections Researcher Katherine Howells and Conservator of photographs and paper Ioannis Vasallos share their tips. You can also look out for handwritten notes on the back of the photograph such as names, events or locations. Look also at sleeves — is there a puff at the shoulder?
Developing skills for identifying vintage photos
The final ‘cased’ technology was the tintype. Tintypes were the first ‘cheap and quick’ photographs to be made and quickly superseded daguerreotypes and.
All images on this site are lovingly edited by me,No out-sourcing. Please read “Be An Educatead Consumer”. Home Page. Contact Us. How To. To see more of any category click on the titles. Hoover over photo for surprise! Panoramic Restorations. Restored Cased Images. Daguerreotype Ambrotype. Vintage Film Printed.
DATE AN OLD PHOTOGRAPH
Look for photographer stamps showing the date of production. You should also become familiar with tintype photographs that emerged in the.
Marcel Safier, Brisbane, Australia. In terms of quantity, the gem was the most prolifically produced form of photograph in the s in America. Aside from the speed of its production, the gem was also inexpensive and its small size made it suitable for mounting in jewellery such as lockets and broaches. Like daguerreotypes and ambrotypes before it, hand colouring was also possible and rouging of the subject’s cheeks was the most common form of this. This enabled the image to be mounted in carte de visite albums although small albums specifically designed to fit one, two, four or six gems to the page directly were also produced.
Unmounted gems usually sold from 10 cents per dozen and around 50 cents per dozen with mounts 1. Similarly mounts were also developed so that ninth plate and sixth plate tintypes usually slightly trimmed on the sides could also be placed in carte de visite albums. Quarter plate tintypes were also offered in paper mounts, but they were easily damaged so not many have survived. Like regular cartes de visite, the tintype carte and even unmounted tintypes produced in the United States were required to carry a tax stamp between which can assist in dating of these photographs.
Origins of the gem tintype Although the tintype itself was introduced around 2 , the earliest gem would appear to date from and its production would have been dependent on the use of a multiplying camera. Such a camera was produced by Roberts of Boston around 3. The patent was purchased by Simon Wing who had already patented a camera design of his own in Using a four lens array 16 gems could be produced on a quarter plate, and 32 on a half plate.
A nine lens version of the camera was also produced that could produce up to 36 gems on a 5″ x 7″ plate.
Dating Victorian Photographs Uk – Dating Old Photographs
Such cards usually have square corners. Men wore lounge suits with matching waistcoats by the middle of the decade. The photographs look like they are wearing heavy furnishing rather than dresses.
A tintype is a wetplate photo process dating back to the Civil War era. Historically made on enamel-coated tin (or iron), the modern day tintype starts out on a.
New online vintage hat archive helps date old family photos. To be honest, I almost didn’t finish writing this blog post. Yesterday, I discovered an online tool to colourize my old family photos — and I have been distrac. Dating old photographs provides clues to identifying your ancestors in the old family photos. The type of photo indicates the date a photo was taken. Learn more from the Photo Detective about her most popular topics: identifying historical photographs, Civil War photography, 19th century fashion and more.
We all have old family photos. These may be loose or in albums or they may be in the form of postcards or even fragile black and grey glass negatives. So what about dating? Photography started in but at that time was really in the hands of a few scientists, professionals or wealthy amateurs. Not many family photographs exist from that era unless they are beautiful images on a polished silver plate that looks like a mirror.
Like the hallmarks – , concealed in Daguerreotypes Daguerreotype, s Hold the picture in your tintypes and look at.
Identifying an old photo isn’t as hard as you would think it would be. There are a few easy ways to identify old photos given how fast the photographic processes changed during the late s and early s. Here’s quick guide on How to Date Old Photos for photos from the ‘s – For more recent photos, you’ll need to rely on clues from the photo itself:.
Its popularity peaked in period from , and began to wane in the following years. The process involved polishing a sheet of silver-plated copper, treating it with fumes, and exposing it to a camera to fix the image to the metal — this resulted in an image that appears to be fixed on to a mirror. If you have a photo that is cased, has a mirror-like quality where the image changes based on the angle, and the back of it looks like it has some copper and silver elements, you have a daguerrotype, which means likely a photo.
There are ways to date the images inside this range, but let’s stick to the basics for now and move on to the next type: Ambrotypes. Ambrotypes are similar to daguerrotypes in that they were often preserved in similar cases. The difference is in the process used and how it looks. This means that the image is much crisper and appear the same from all angles. Many photographers also treated the images with some hand-tinting like the one above.
Lady Holding Tintype
AARP Rewards is here to make your next steps easy, rewarding and fun! Learn more. Two young men stare out at me from a small old photograph.
In our next post about dating your old family photographs, Colin Harding shows you how to identify a ferrotype, more commonly known as a.
The photographs are all sizes. Some are obviously older photographs. Who are the individuals in the photographs? Are the individuals family members? Most likely, but if not, the photograph was obviously treasured to have been kept throughout the years. Who owned the photograph s before you? How did the photograph s come into your possession?
Collecting Tintypes: 19th c. Antique Vintage Victorian Old Photographs
Introduction : In this article, Mary Harrell-Sesniak shows how you can date old, undated family photos by first figuring out what type of photograph they are, and uses old newspapers and other sources to illustrate different types of photos. Mary is a genealogist, author and editor with a strong technology background. Do you have a box of old, undated family photos somewhere up in the attic—or maybe buried in the back of some closet?
Have you wondered how you were ever going to figure out who these family members might be, since the old photographs lack inscriptions or dates?
How to spot a ferrotype, also known as a tintype (–s). In our next post about dating your old family photographs, Colin Harding shows you how to identify.
Most family historians have THAT box. The box always looks roughly the same. Not long after I took up genealogy in , I began inheriting boxes and bags like those, and they all had lots of photographs — old ones. The photographs from the latter half of the 20th century are easiest to identify. Most times, I know the subject; if not, the bell-bottoms or dark wall paneling scream As you move back in time, what gets harder to identify are the black-and-white photographs.
Some have dates printed along their white borders; others have dates stamped on the back. Great-grandparents, cousins, aunts, and uncles can also be identified, if not on sight, then by context.